AskDefine | Define costume

Dictionary Definition

costume

Noun

1 the attire worn in a play or at a fancy dress ball; "he won the prize for best costume"
2 unusual or period attire not characteristic of or appropriate to the time and place; "in spite of the heat he insisted on his woolen costume"
3 the prevalent fashion of dress (including accessories and hair style as well as garments)
4 the attire characteristic of a country or a time or a social class; "he wore his national costume"

Verb

1 dress in a costume; "We dressed up for Halloween as pumpkins" [syn: dress up]
2 furnish with costumes; as for a film or play

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • , /ˈkɒst(j)uːm/, /"kQst(j)u:m/

Noun

  1. A style of dress, including garments, accessories, and hairstyle, especially as characteristic of a particular country, period, or people.
    The dancer was wearing Highland costume.
  2. An outfit or a disguise worn as fancy dress etc.
    She wore a gorilla costume to the party.
  3. A set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion or season.
    The bride wore a grey going-away costume.

Translations

dress of a particular country, period, or people
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (zhuāng)
  • German: Kostüm
  • Hungarian: viselet
a disguise
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (zhuāng)
  • German: Kostüm
  • Hungarian: jelmez, kosztüm
a set of clothes appropriate for a particular occasion
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: (zhuāng)
  • German: Kostüm
  • Hungarian: ruha, öltözet

Verb

  1. To dress or adorn with a costume or appropriate garb.

French

Pronunciation

Noun

fr-noun m
  1. A suit worn by a man

Italian

Synonyms

Portuguese

Noun

  1. (use) custom
  2. costume

Romanian

Pronunciation

/kos.'tu.me/

Noun

costume n p
  1. Plural of costum

Extensive Definition

The term costume can refer to wardrobe and dress in general, or to the distinctive style of dress of a particular people, class, or period. Costume may also refer to the artistic arrangement of accessories in a picture, statue, poem, or play, appropriate to the time, place, or other circumstances represented or described, or to a particular style of clothing worn to portray the wearer as a character or type of character other than their regular persona at a social event such as a masquerade, a fancy dress party or in an artistic theatrical performance.

National costume

National costume or regional costume expresses local (or exiled) identity and emphasises a culture's unique attributes. It is often a source of national pride. Examples of such are a Scotsman in a kilt or a Japanese person in a kimono.

Holidays and festivals

The wearing of costumes has become an important part of such holidays and festivals as Mardi Gras and Halloween (see Halloween costume for more information), and (to a lesser extent) people may also wear costumes in conjunction with other holidays, such as Christmas and Easter. Mardi Gras costumes usually take the form of jesters and other fantasy characters, while Halloween costumes traditionally take the form of supernatural creatures such as ghosts, vampires, pop culture icons and angels. Christmas and Easter costumes typically portray mythical characters such as Santa Claus (by donning a santa suit and beard) or the Easter Bunny by putting on an animal costume. Costumes may serve to portray various other characters during secular holidays, such as an Uncle Sam costume worn on the Independence day for example.

Children

Costumes also serve as an avenue for children to explore and roleplay. Children can dress up in various forms; for example characters from history or fiction like pirates, princesses or cowboys, common jobs like nurses or police officers, or animals such as those seen in zoos or farms.

Mascots

Another very popular situation where costumes are employed are for sporting events, where people dressed as their team's representative mascot help the club or team rally round their team's cause. Animal costumes which are visually very similar to mascot costumes are also popular among the members of the furry fandom where they are referred to as fursuits.

Drawings of costumes from the past

External links

costume in Azerbaijani: Kostüm
costume in Spanish: Disfraz
costume in French: Costume
costume in Scottish Gaelic: Aodach-brèige
costume in Hebrew: תחפושת
costume in Croatian: Kostim
costume in Indonesian: Kostum
costume in Italian: Costume
costume in Japanese: 服装
costume in Dutch: Kostuum
costume in Polish: Kostium

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accouter, apparel, array, attire, ballet skirt, bedizenment, bib and tucker, blackface, buskin, cap and bells, caparison, clothes, clothing, clown white, disguise, drapery, dress, dressing, duds, equip, fashion, fatigues, feathers, fig, fit, fit out, frock, garb, garments, gear, getup, greasepaint, guise, habiliment, habit, investiture, investment, kit, linen, livery, makeup, masquerade, motley, outfit, practical piece, prop, property, rags, raiment, rig, rig out, rig up, robes, sock, sportswear, style, suit, theatrical makeup, threads, tights, togs, toilette, trim, turn out, tutu, uniform, vestment, vesture, wear, wearing apparel
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